What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a women’s health condition in which tissue inside the uterus, known as endometrium, grows outside of the uterus. This tissue can grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, outer surface of the uterus, pelvic cavity, and other organs in the abdominal area. In rare cases, it may even spread to other parts of the body outside the pelvic region.

What Are Common Endometriosis Symptoms?

In the early stages of endometriosis, women typically experience extremely painful menstrual cramps that worsen over time. The condition can also cause pain before your period and during sex. But since pain is such a common occurrence, especially for women, this symptom isn’t always recognized as being an indication of a serious condition.

Other common symptoms of endometriosis include:

  • Fatigue
  • Gastrointestinal issues (ie. constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and nausea)
  • Heavy or excessive bleeding during your period
  • Irregular bleeding between menstrual cycles
  • Painful urination and bowel movements during your period

Because so many other conditions have similar symptoms, it can be hard to differentiate between endometriosis and other conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

The first step in diagnosing endometriosis is a pelvic exam. Your gynecologist will likely also conduct an ultrasound. Laparoscopy can also be used to get a better view of your organs, specifically the exterior of the uterus. If necessary, a biopsy is taken during this procedure to further examine uterine tissues.

How Is This Condition Treated?

There are many different types of endometriosis treatments. The best treatment for you depends on your pain levels and the stage of endometriosis you have. Generally, surgery is seen as the last resort option. Common treatments include:

  • Hormonal contraceptives and progestin therapy
  • Drugs that stop menstruation
  • Physical activity

Where Can I Get the Best Endometriosis Treatment in Greenbelt, MD, or Alexandria, VA?

If you’re looking for compassionate endometriosis care and treatment, choose Women’s HealthCare Specialists. Our team provides state-of-the-art care so you can get back to feeling your best. Call our office today at 301-812-3400 to schedule an appointment!